Biography

Biography

Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809-1847)


1809
3rd February: born in Hamburg, the second child of Lea, née Salomon, and Abraham, son of the Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn
1811The family moves to Berlin
181621st March: all four children are baptised into the Christian church (Fanny is ten, Felix seven, Rebecka almost five and Paul three years old)
Felix takes piano lessons with Ludwig Berger, violin lessons with Wilhelm Henning
1816Klavierunterricht gemeinsam mit Fanny bei Ludwig Berger, Violinunterricht bei Wilhelm Henning
1818
Mendelssohn's first public appearance as a pianist
1819Takes theory of music lessons with Carl Friedrich Zelter
1820Begins work on his first composition album; Takes drawing lessons with Johann Gottlob Samuel Rösel; 1st October: joins the Berlin Singakademie together with Fanny
1821November: first visit with Zelter to Goethe in Weimar, preceded by his first short stay in Leipzig
1822Start of the Sunday morning concerts in the family home
1825A journey to Paris with his father to meet Cherubini determines his future career
1827 Matriculates at Berlin University; attends Hegel's lectures on aesthetics, among others
182911th March: first revival of Bach's "Saint Matthew Passion" in the Berlin Singakademie, conducted by Mendelssohn
10th April: starts an eight-month educational visit to England and Scotland, giving concerts in England
183013th May: starts his "great" journey to Italy, travelling via Leipzig, Weimar - where he meets Goethe for the last time - and Munich, Vienna, Florence, Rome, Pompeii, Naples
1831 Return journey via Rome, Switzerland, Munich, Frankfurt am Main, Düsseldorf, Liege, Paris, London
1832
June: returns to Berlin
1833Declines to apply for the post of Director of the Berlin Singakademie as successor to Zelter
Director of the Lower Rhine Music Festival in Düsseldorf
13th May: première of the "Italian" Symphony at one of the Philharmonic Concerts in London
With effect from 1st October: appointed Municipal Director of Music in Düsseldorf
1835Appointed Director of Music of the Gewandhaus concerts in Leipzig
4th October: 26-year-old Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's
first concert in the Gewandhaus with a programme that includes the overture "Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage" and Beethoven's 4th Symphony
9th November: first performance at the Gewandhaus of Bach's Concerto for Three Pianos and Orchestra in D Minor (pianists: Clara Wieck, Louis Rakemann and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy)
19th November: Mendelssohn's father dies in Berlin
1836 Awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the Faculty of Philosophy at Leipzig University
Completes his oratorio "Saint Paul";
Director of the Lower Rhine Music Festival in Düsseldorf
22nd May: première of the oratorio "Saint Paul"
7th November: first performance in Leipzig of Handel's oratorio "Israel in Egypt" conducted by Mendelssohn in the
Paulinerkirche
1837Marries Cécile Jeanrenaud, daughter of a Hugenot pastor, in Frankfurt am Main
Conducts concerts at the Birmingham Music Festival
16th March: first performance in Leipzig of the oratorio "Saint Paul" conducted by the composer in the Paulinerkirche
March: "Saint Paul" performed in Boston
183815th February: first of four so-called "Historical Concerts"
in the Leipzig Gewandhaus (all four conducted by Mendelssohn)
Birth of his first son Carl
183921st March: première of Schubert's "Great" C Major Symphony conducted by Mendelssohn in the Gewandhaus
Birth of his daughter Marie
1840Première of his Symphony No. 2, the "Lobgesang" / "Hymn of Praise", in St Thomas's Church in Leipzig to mark the 400th anniversary of the invention of the art of printing
Mendelssohn becomes committed to improving conditions for his musicians
Recognition of the Gewandhaus Orchestra as the City's own orchestra
6th August: organ concert by Mendelssohn in St Thomas's Church to raise money for a monument to Bach
184131st March: première of Schumann's "Spring Symphony" conducted by Mendelssohn in the Gewandhaus
4th April: first revival in Leipzig of Bach's "Saint Matthew Passion" in St Thomas's Church;
1st July: Mendelssohn appointed Kapellmeister of the Royal Court of Saxony
Mendelssohn leaves Leipzig in the summer to take up the post of court composer to Friedrich Wilhelm IV, where he will
stay until his final return in 1845, but he remains a Guest Conductor at the Gewandhaus
13th October: appointed Kapellmeister of the Royal Court of Prussia
Birth of his son Paul
18423rd March: première of the "Scottish" symphony in the Gewandhaus conducted by the composer
Received by Queen Victoria during his seventh visit to England;
12th December: Mendelssohn's mother dies in Berlin
1843 2nd April: opening of the Music Conservatoire in Leipzig - the first in Germany - with Mendelssohn as the first Director of Studies
Awarded the Freedom of the City of Leipzig
23rd April: unveiling of the Bach monument donated by Mendelssohn
Birth of his son Felix
1844
Mendelssohn resigns from all his posts in Berlin
184513th March: première of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in
E Major, conducted by Niels W. Gade, with Ferdinand David as soloist
13th August: Mendelssohn returns to Leipzig
The family moves to Königstrasse 5 (now known as Goldschmidtstrasse 12)
Birth of his daughter Elisabeth
As of the 1845-46 season: Joint Director of the Gewandhaus concerts with Gade
184611th June: première of Mendelssohn's "Lauda Sion" in the presence of the composer in Liege
July: completes his oratorio "Elijah"
19th July: Mendelssohn's final appearance as pianist at the Gewandhaus
26th August: première of his oratorio "Elijah" in Birmingham conducted by the composer
184718th March: Mendelssohn conducts his last concert in the Gewandhaus
19th March: Mendelssohn resigns from his post as Director of Music at the Gewandhaus
4th November: Mendelssohn dies in Leipzig
7th November: his funeral is held in Leipzig
8th November: Mendelssohn is laid to rest in the family grave at the Trinity Cemetery [Dreifaltigkeitsfriedhof] in Berlin
Biography

Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809-1847)


1809
3rd February: born in Hamburg, the second child of Lea, née Salomon, and Abraham, son of the Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn
1811The family moves to Berlin
181621st March: all four children are baptised into the Christian church (Fanny is ten, Felix seven, Rebecka almost five and Paul three years old)
Felix takes piano lessons with Ludwig Berger, violin lessons with Wilhelm Henning
1816Klavierunterricht gemeinsam mit Fanny bei Ludwig Berger, Violinunterricht bei Wilhelm Henning
1818
Mendelssohn's first public appearance as a pianist
1819Takes theory of music lessons with Carl Friedrich Zelter
1820Begins work on his first composition album; Takes drawing lessons with Johann Gottlob Samuel Rösel; 1st October: joins the Berlin Singakademie together with Fanny
1821November: first visit with Zelter to Goethe in Weimar, preceded by his first short stay in Leipzig
1822Start of the Sunday morning concerts in the family home
1825A journey to Paris with his father to meet Cherubini determines his future career
1827 Matriculates at Berlin University; attends Hegel's lectures on aesthetics, among others
182911th March: first revival of Bach's "Saint Matthew Passion" in the Berlin Singakademie, conducted by Mendelssohn
10th April: starts an eight-month educational visit to England and Scotland, giving concerts in England
183013th May: starts his "great" journey to Italy, travelling via Leipzig, Weimar - where he meets Goethe for the last time - and Munich, Vienna, Florence, Rome, Pompeii, Naples
1831 Return journey via Rome, Switzerland, Munich, Frankfurt am Main, Düsseldorf, Liege, Paris, London
1832
June: returns to Berlin
1833Declines to apply for the post of Director of the Berlin Singakademie as successor to Zelter
Director of the Lower Rhine Music Festival in Düsseldorf
13th May: première of the "Italian" Symphony at one of the Philharmonic Concerts in London
With effect from 1st October: appointed Municipal Director of Music in Düsseldorf
1835Appointed Director of Music of the Gewandhaus concerts in Leipzig
4th October: 26-year-old Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's
first concert in the Gewandhaus with a programme that includes the overture "Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage" and Beethoven's 4th Symphony
9th November: first performance at the Gewandhaus of Bach's Concerto for Three Pianos and Orchestra in D Minor (pianists: Clara Wieck, Louis Rakemann and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy)
19th November: Mendelssohn's father dies in Berlin
1836 Awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the Faculty of Philosophy at Leipzig University
Completes his oratorio "Saint Paul";
Director of the Lower Rhine Music Festival in Düsseldorf
22nd May: première of the oratorio "Saint Paul"
7th November: first performance in Leipzig of Handel's oratorio "Israel in Egypt" conducted by Mendelssohn in the
Paulinerkirche
1837Marries Cécile Jeanrenaud, daughter of a Hugenot pastor, in Frankfurt am Main
Conducts concerts at the Birmingham Music Festival
16th March: first performance in Leipzig of the oratorio "Saint Paul" conducted by the composer in the Paulinerkirche
March: "Saint Paul" performed in Boston
183815th February: first of four so-called "Historical Concerts"
in the Leipzig Gewandhaus (all four conducted by Mendelssohn)
Birth of his first son Carl
183921st March: première of Schubert's "Great" C Major Symphony conducted by Mendelssohn in the Gewandhaus
Birth of his daughter Marie
1840Première of his Symphony No. 2, the "Lobgesang" / "Hymn of Praise", in St Thomas's Church in Leipzig to mark the 400th anniversary of the invention of the art of printing
Mendelssohn becomes committed to improving conditions for his musicians
Recognition of the Gewandhaus Orchestra as the City's own orchestra
6th August: organ concert by Mendelssohn in St Thomas's Church to raise money for a monument to Bach
184131st March: première of Schumann's "Spring Symphony" conducted by Mendelssohn in the Gewandhaus
4th April: first revival in Leipzig of Bach's "Saint Matthew Passion" in St Thomas's Church;
1st July: Mendelssohn appointed Kapellmeister of the Royal Court of Saxony
Mendelssohn leaves Leipzig in the summer to take up the post of court composer to Friedrich Wilhelm IV, where he will
stay until his final return in 1845, but he remains a Guest Conductor at the Gewandhaus
13th October: appointed Kapellmeister of the Royal Court of Prussia
Birth of his son Paul
18423rd March: première of the "Scottish" symphony in the Gewandhaus conducted by the composer
Received by Queen Victoria during his seventh visit to England;
12th December: Mendelssohn's mother dies in Berlin
1843 2nd April: opening of the Music Conservatoire in Leipzig - the first in Germany - with Mendelssohn as the first Director of Studies
Awarded the Freedom of the City of Leipzig
23rd April: unveiling of the Bach monument donated by Mendelssohn
Birth of his son Felix
1844
Mendelssohn resigns from all his posts in Berlin
184513th March: première of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in
E Major, conducted by Niels W. Gade, with Ferdinand David as soloist
13th August: Mendelssohn returns to Leipzig
The family moves to Königstrasse 5 (now known as Goldschmidtstrasse 12)
Birth of his daughter Elisabeth
As of the 1845-46 season: Joint Director of the Gewandhaus concerts with Gade
184611th June: première of Mendelssohn's "Lauda Sion" in the presence of the composer in Liege
July: completes his oratorio "Elijah"
19th July: Mendelssohn's final appearance as pianist at the Gewandhaus
26th August: première of his oratorio "Elijah" in Birmingham conducted by the composer
184718th March: Mendelssohn conducts his last concert in the Gewandhaus
19th March: Mendelssohn resigns from his post as Director of Music at the Gewandhaus
4th November: Mendelssohn dies in Leipzig
7th November: his funeral is held in Leipzig
8th November: Mendelssohn is laid to rest in the family grave at the Trinity Cemetery [Dreifaltigkeitsfriedhof] in Berlin